The Chicago Manual of Style actually presents two different styles of documentation and citation: the humanities style, which uses notes and a bibliography, and the author-date system. As the name suggests, humanities style is more common for writing in the arts, literature, and related disciplines, while author-date is found more frequently, though not exclusively, in the natural and social sciences. "Turabian" is a version of the humanities style intended for student papers found in Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertions.
- Chicago manual of style onlineOnline version of the newest; Ebook style info begins in Chapter 14, section 166
- Chicago manual of style15th edition. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Olin Reference, Art Reference, Law Reference Z253 .U69 2003
- Chicago/Turabian DocumentationGuide from the Writing Center at the University of Madison
- Google ScholarThe Cite link in search results gives MLA, APA, and Chicago style references. More inf.
What is MHRA referencing?
MHRA referencing is a style of referencing developed by the Modern Humanities Research Association. It is intended primarily for use in connection with books and journals published by the Association but is also used in a wider context by students.
The third edition of the MHRA Style Guide is available to purchase in bookshops and online. If it’s the style you’ve been told to follow, make sure you do just that, as it’s what you’ll be marked on.
How to MHRA reference
Footnotes are of key importance to the MHRA referencing style. You should insert footnote numbers in your text every time you quote or paraphrase another person’s words or ideas. When referring to a source for the first time, you need to provide the full details in the footnote. After that, references can be provided in an abbreviated form.
You’ll also need to provide a full bibliography at the end of the essay, which needs to be carefully formatted according to the type of material you’ve cited – be it a book, journal, website, film or anything else. The bibliography only needs to include material that you’ve directly cited in your work.
MHRA referencing example
Stella Cottrell, The Study Skills Handbook (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
Cottrell, Stella, The Study Skills Handbook (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)