History Of Graphic Design Essay

Graphic Organizers Graphic Organization Among Education Teachers

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Graphic Organizers

Graphic Organization Among Education

Teachers focus on different tools and ways to carry out the courses that can be designed to know how they will approach and instruct students with a systematize syllabus that can explain what is to be expected in the class by the use of graphic organizers. Every level of education can carry multiple methods of skills and ways to educate the classmates they have, yet having a realistic associations including a visual and graphic relationship to the students and so that the facts, thoughts, activities, and mapped out learning concepts be remembered in the future to assist the students as they aim to graduate whether it is in high school, to the next grade, within a certification, degree program, as long as it is a curriculum where scholars are scored. Furthermore the graphic organizers vary depending on the students' ages and sometimes the social…… [Read More]

Depending on the teacher's research of the lectures and sessions the methods can be effective because it can be based on the location they teach in and consider the different types of students who live in the area for example of a local community college. The small college looks at the current students they have enrolled in the classes, their backgrounds to determine where they are from and if they are natives, the difference in the grades and success between male and female students and scholars of different races and genders that do finish. The teachers of this community college will commonly use traditional learning styles compiled with innovated ones for the students to stay local because they offer all of the needs and curriculums can be finished in the facilities without the students having to transfer. Many adults, especially since the number of job losses back in 2009, have returned to school at an older age, so the teachers must consider what these students would understand and what steps need to be taken in order to have all ages succeed.

The government's role in the schools and classrooms do affect the different graphic organizers they create because it makes a difference on the types of students that are eligible for their curriculums and if they are able to continue and return to school for people who are in to furthering their education or getting involved in a certification of some kind. Local, state, and federal funding is available for teaching, projects, and especially the students that are not eligible to pay for their education, so a lot of people who are at poverty levels and that are minorities are enrolled in local college courses and programs. The government's financial aid program, FAFSA, allows all possible students to fill out an application, giving personal, work history, and current income in the house, household size, assets, and other factors that will determine the amount of money each individual will be granted.

Community colleges that are in smaller neighborhoods can more easily determine a lot of factors geographically, yet it is pretty hard to determine some of the situations that occur inside the classroom from some of the students that will have learning disabilities that the teachers are not aware of. This makes it tough on the educator to distribute the same type of diagrams and learning methods that they have traditionally applied to past graduates and new ideas and training those instructors learn to stay in touch with society making graphic organizers evolve.

 

GLOSSARY

AIGA: The largest professional design association in the U.S., which was founded as the American Institute for Graphic Arts in 1914 and today boasts over 22,000 members. (AIGA.org)

Anti-design: A response to the “slow strangulation of design by ‘branding,’ and to the partial rediscovery of a political instinct among graphic designers.” (Adrian Shaughnessy)

Bleed: When an image or color extends beyond the trimmed edge of a page. 

Blobject: An object that is curvaceous and flowing in design, such as the Porsche 911 or the Womb Chair.

CMYK: A color system used for printing — usually referred to as four-color process; 

An abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, which, in varying combinations, produce most colors. 

Designism: Design as activism, i.e. design that instigates social change. 

Design management: A methodology for approaching organizations to make design choices in a market- and customer- oriented manner. 

Experience design: A holistic approach to the overall experience of a design environment.

Faux-baroque: An attempt to bring a human touch to computer-produced design, through the use of swishes, whimsical drawings and various botanical elements. 

Font: A specific size and style of type within a  given typeface.  All characters that make up 10 point Helvetica italic comprise a font. (Not to be confused with typeface.)

Grid: An underlying structure of columns, rows, margins, and lines, that dictate the way information is organized on a page.

Hickey: Extraneous matter such as dust, splashes of ink or small pieces of lint that make marks on a printed piece.

Kerning: Adjusting the space between individual characters in a font.

Lorem ipsum: Used as placeholder text because it approximates a typical distribution of characters in English. A bastardization of  Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum (“Neither is there anyone who loves grief” — the perfect metaphor for graphic design), from Cicero’s De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum

Point: A unit of measurement for fonts and line-spacing: 1 point equals 0.351 mm. (There are 12 points in a Pica.)

Serif: The small horizontal lines on the ends of each stroke of a typeface, e.g. Times Roman.

Sans Serif: Typefaces without horizontal lines on the ends of each stroke, e.g. Helvetica.

Squeeze-n-Tease: In broadcast design, the process of squeezing of a show’s closing credits into one-third of the screen in order to maximize the remaining space for promotional purposes. (James Gleick)

Typeface: A series of fonts and full range of characters including numbers, letters, and punctuation. e.g. Helvetica, Times Roman. (Not to be confused with font.)

Widow: The final word of a paragraph that stands alone, or the last line of a paragraph from the previous page flowing onto the top of the following page. 

WYSIWYG: Acronym for What You See Is What You Get; an estimated screen representation of how a final image will look.


An earlier version of article first appeared in Dwell, December/January 2009, Vol. 09 Issue 02. This new version is © William Drenttel and Jessica Helfand, 2010. All photos are used here with kind permission of their authors.

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