Cause of World War I Essay
575 Words3 Pages
World War I, a war that started out locally in Europe between Austria-Hungary and Serbia that later ended up including thirty two different nations. This war has been around for almost a century and yet the causes of it are still being debated. There are many different scenarios that have been considered. Some of the key reasons that were believed to have instigated WWI were nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and an arrangement of treaties. Also the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was believed to be one of the immediate causes.
Nationalism is the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other. From just reading the meaning of nationalism it is quit obvious to see that this idea will…show more content…
Therefore you could say nationalism led to the war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary which later escalated into WWI.
Another debated cause is imperialism, which is the policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations. This contributed to WWI because of the rivalry it caused in Europe between Great Britain, Germany, and France. They needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. Great Britain, Germany, and France competed for economic expansion in Africa. Even though Great Britain and France came to an agreement several problems before the war had to do with the dislike of Germany against Great Britain and France in North Africa. Also the crumbling of the Ottoman-Empire in the Middle East was a big factor for Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia. So the competition for colonies brought great powers into conflict and fueled the ideas of war and added to the present tension that already existed, and that tension keeps on building up.
Militarism is believed to also be one of the causes. Militarism is a policy in which military preparedness is of primary importance to a state. After the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era vast citizen armies were thought of as being standard. The Prussian system of draft and reserved armies impressed a lot of the
Militarism, Nationalism, and the System of Alliances: The Causes of World War One
1228 Words5 Pages
The flash of machine guns and the blare of shells were brand new to the veterans. Both the soldiers on the front and their family at home did not realize how much WW1 would change war forever. WW1, beginning in 1914 and ending in 1918 involved two major parties. The triple alliance, including Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary, and the triple entente, including France, Great Britain, and Russia fought the biggest War that the world had ever seen. We know the story, but when we read the between the pages, what were the underlying causes of the Great War that changed history? Through extensive research among primary and secondary documents, the answer has been found. The hidden causes were militarism, nationalism, and the system of…show more content…
In the second quote, it is seen that the average European men and women were very excited at the prospect of war. They saw it as a chance to show off their military, as shown with the clapping and cheering. By sending troops into battle without a proper reason, not only were many lives in danger, but other countries jumped into war as well.
A map and table compiled from different sources including Colin Nicolson’s The First World War, also demonstrates how militarism could have led to hard feelings, and then to war, (Doc. 11). On the map, almost every nation owned vast amounts of land, but Great Britain topped them all. Thus, feeling inadequate, the other European Nations all attempted to outdo one another at the same time. When things got out of hand, as Serbia was attempted at being colonized, a war that could have been stopped if military glorification was not so blaringly disrespectful, began. Document 7, a graph of the growth of armaments adapted from London Times History of the World, demonstrates how putting the military first could lead to misconceptions and then to war. When looking at the average growth of armaments, they grew over the years. This is because when one country obtains some, the other nations see it as a threat and follow. This misconception is just that, but is can be dangerous, and it ultimately caused so much mistrust that it became one of the underlying causes